音乐留学面试篇——面试官希望看到怎样的你?

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Audition

 

 

每一年面试前都会有学生和家长希望和我聊聊面试时候怎么样做,或者说她们更想知道面试官到底想看到怎样的自己?

 

恩,这个问题听起来很具体了,可是回答起来确实不大好那么具体的回答。A说面试官喜欢看到一个充分理解音乐并且和他们演奏风格方式相同的表演者;B又说他们喜欢个性又有自己理解的独奏者;C又说全身投入激情澎湃,不用管别的;D又说他们喜欢你眼神的交会,音乐来沟通,还喜欢善于沟通的高EQ的申请者。好吧,如果现在只剩下一个月你也只有一双眼睛一双手一个普通强度的身体和普通EQ的脑瓜,那么我们怎么做,先做什么?

 

首先,熟练背诵谱子(我指的是非常细致的背诵)并做到稳定的演奏。你要为你的面试做好125%的准备,因为面试时候大部分人会损失掉自己25%的真实水平。

 

第二,节奏和音准一致和稳定节奏和音准是音乐的最基础,没有了节奏,再花俏的技巧也只能是无源之木无本之水,千万不要为了表现自己的个性而失去节奏和音准。要研究总谱,注意每一个节拍,符值,连线。要知道古典音乐演奏的方向的教授们一定不希望你是一个自由发挥的演奏家。

越到最后越是要做到慢练 说起来很容易可是当你形成习惯每次急匆匆的弹完你发现你根本不会慢下来了,这时候如果你已经体会到自己这个部分问题了可以适当使用节拍器来纠正自己的旧的坏习惯。

 

 

 

第三,音乐风格,这一点我要强调三遍。比如你再演奏莫扎特的曲目时候一定不能表演的太过高昂和激荡,因为莫扎特的风格以细腻、轻盈、含蓄华贵,同时又有强烈的古典色彩而著称。如果你把莫扎特的曲子弹得不知道是谁,那你就该那天打道回府了。

 

第四,强弱的对比,这句话怎么把它再分解呢:简单来说就是把该强的强该弱的弱;意思就是强弱度要合适;这一点很多学琴多年的人很有体会,这一点对一个专业选手是很重要的水平衡量,因为这一点最是能代表一个选手对于作品的理解。如果你总是习惯性把本来的强弱度再强一些,那么当一个曲子演奏强度很强,你是打算刺穿所有面试官的耳膜吗?反过来某个PART部分强度很弱,你需要弓着身子气若游丝表达吗?

强弱的对比一定是基于你对曲子的理解,这一点我认为比目光交流和微笑还要重要和致命,尤其是对于没有太多舞台经验的学生,上台后耳朵听不见自己的琴声,从而在强弱上失控!

 

 

第五,提前预演,可以在好朋友或者熟悉的师长面前做几次演戏,缓解紧张。

 

第六,穿着得体,举止得当。小鲜花小鲜肉不能穿戴花枝招展,奇装异服,过多装饰,这些我就不再多说了,都get到了吧!

 

第七,准备好向校方提问的有意义的问题,尽可能多做功课多了解对方院校,教授,专业名额,各种项目等。

 

第八,提前候场,微笑立场,对所有评委表示诚挚感谢(注意目光要到每一个人身上)。

 

 

下方为2016年热门专业面试曲目

 

 

钢琴曲目参考

1. A Prelude and Fugue by J. S. Bach from the Well-Tempered Clavier 

2. A complete sonata by Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, or Beethoven, excluding Haydn juvenilia or Mozart K. 545 or Beethoven op. 49 & 79 

3. A complete work of a 19th-century composer 

4. One piece or single movement by a contemporary composer 

5. An etude of virtuosity at the level of those by Chopin, Liszt, Rachmaninoff, Scriabin, Debussy, Bartok, Stravinsky orLigeti.

 

声乐曲目参考

Vocal Audition Requirements

1. One art song in Italian

2. One art song in French

3. One art song in German

4. One art song in English

5. One opera aria

6. One oratorio aria

7. An additional selection in a fifth language

 

 

小提琴面试曲目

1.From J.S. Bach-Unaccompanied Sonatas and Partitas: 

2.Two major contrasting movements from the sonata or duo repertoire with piano 

3.One complete major concerto work (with applicable cadenzas) 

4.A virtuoso concert piece by composers such as Paganini, Sarasate, Vieuxtemps, Wieniawski, or Ysaÿe (any works not written for solo violin must be performed with accompaniment).  

5.One commercially published work written after 1980 (a movement from a multi-movement work does not count as a work) 

 

萨克斯面试要求

 

古典萨克斯

1. Ibert Concertino da Camera (pub. Leduc), or a comparable work;2.  Choose one of the following (or a comparable work):

• Creston Sonata, Op.19 (pub. Shawnee); 2 contrasting mvmts ;

• Dahl Concerto (pub. European American Music); 2 contrasting mvmts ;

• Denisov Sonata (pub. Leduc); 2 contrasting mvmts ;

• Glazounov Concerto (pub. Leduc) ; 

• Harbison Sonata "San Antonio" (pub. Schirmer-AMP); 

2 contrasting mvmts ;

3.  Two orchestral excerpts from The Orchestral Saxophonist, Vol.1 (pub. Roncorp). Suggested excerpts:

• Mussorgsky-Ravel Pictures at an Exhibition; 

• Prokofiev Lieutenant Kije ;

• Rachmaninov Symphonic Dances .

4. Two contrasting études

 

爵士萨克斯

1. Prepare a solo piece including playing the melody and at least 3 improvised choruses of a jazz standard (any style)

2. Prepare at least two blues heads and improvise on the changes

3. Prepare the melody to one jazz standard ballad and improvise at least one chorus

4. Prepare the melody to one medium swing tempo jazz standard of your choosing and improvise at least one chorus

5. Prepare the melody to the jazz standard "All The Things You Are" and improvise at least one chorus

6. Prepare the melody to the jazz standard "Oleo" and improvise at least one chorus.

 

单簧管面试曲要求

Clarinet Audition Requirements

1.Two contrasting Etudes from Rose 32 Etudes

2. Mozart clarinet concerto

3. A prepared piece of the applicant’s choice

4. A work composed since 1970. This may be a concerto, a work with piano, or one for solo clarinet.

5.Three to Six orchestral excerpts:

 

大提琴面试曲目

1. One piece of applicant’s choice (must be a commercially published work)

2. Two contrasting movements of an unaccompanied Bach suite

3. One complete concerto or major work from the standard cello repertoire

4. A complete sonata or other duo work for cello and piano

5. A commercially published work written after 1970

 

音乐制作曲目要求:

Applicants should submit Three to Five works that reflect their experience in computer music and other art media or interdisciplinary forms,showing an awareness of 20th-century composition. If your work is produced primarily through electronic/recorded media, evidence of skill in written musical forms, such as scores, must be added.

 

音乐剧面试曲目

1.Musical theater applicants must prepare two brief, contrasting songs from the Broadway repertoire: one ballad and one upbeat selection. And one should be written before 1965

2.Two short, contrasting monologues from the following: Modern, post-war literature: examples of post-war dramatists are Miller, Williams, Albee, Inge and Shepard. Classical literature: examples of classical pieces include Shakespeare’s comedies and histories or Moliere.

3. Present a 30-60 second clip of yourself moving/dancing. Your full body should be in view at all times. You may choose a cut from a musical or a dance performance in which you participated, or record something original. Any style is acceptable: musical theatre, ballet, jazz, tap, hip-hop, etc.  Wear appropriate dance attire that will show clean line.  

 

长笛面试曲目:

Flute Audition Requirements

1. Any sonata by J.S. Bach. 

2. Mozart Concerto in G or D - complete. 

3. Major contemporary work (complete sonata, concerto, or substantial work).

4. Two additional complete works of contrasting styles and periods.

5. Five Orchestral Excerpts displaying a variety of styles.

流行音乐面试曲目:

Part One: Prepared Pieces Your prepared piece should demonstrate significant understanding of musicality, expression, phrasing, appropriate articulation; excellent intonation and tonal quality; and clarity of articulation or enunciation of notes (and lyrics for vocalists). Your audition performance should be delivered in a manner that is appropriate for the style of the piece. Berklee embraces and values all styles of music, so you should prepare Three pieces that you are comfortable with and that displays your strengths as a musician. It should be should be in any style that demonstrates your instrumental proficiency and your overall musicianship. Here are some guidelines that may help when selecting your prepared piece:

•You might choose a tune from a well-known artist or band (in any style).•You might choose a jazz or blues standard tune (which may include rhythm changes) to which you have the option of adding your own improvisation. You might choose a composition from the instrumental/voice repertoire or a movement, sonata, concerto, or etude. You might choose a transcription of a well-known artist’s solo.



Part Two: Sight Reading

While sight-reading, you should display strong accuracy of rhythm, pitch, and tone in order to achieve an interpretation that conveys musical substance with phrasing and expression appropriate to the style of the example provided.

 

Part Three: Improvisation

We would like to hear you improvise over a short progression to gauge where you are in your development. Your prepared piece may also include improvisation, but it is not required.

Part Four: Melodic and Rhythmic Playback

We recognize it is common for applicants to have imbalances in their playing abilities, and we realize that applicants may not have advanced skills in improvisation, reading, or ear training. We take a holistic approach in our evaluation process; each component of the audition helps the audition team assess your overall abilities as a musician and your potential for success at the master’s program level.

 
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